The noticeable symptom of a bunion is a large and hardened bump that forms at the base of the big toe, and many patients consider this to be a bone disorder, which may gradually worsen. The bones in the feet and toes may become affected as a result of this deformity, and it may cause the feet to line up incorrectly. This bump that typically develops on the side of the big toe may push that toe into the toe next to it, which may cause difficulty in wearing shoes and walking. Some patients may feel partial relief when larger size shoes are worn, and this may aid in relieving any pressure that is felt on the toe. Research has shown there may be medical conditions that may precede the formation of a bunion, which may include rheumatoid arthritis, or inherited genes that may lead to low arches. Additional reasons why bunions may form may originate from frequently wearing high heels, which may provide inadequate room for the toes to move freely in. If you are afflicted with a bunion, it is recommended to speak with a podiatrist who can properly guide you to begin correct treatment techniques.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.