What Causes Bunions?

Posted on August 19, 2019

First and foremost, a bunion is a deformity of the big toe. Typically, it’s a bony protrusion that forms on the side of the big toe. Less commonly, a bunion may form next to the small toe, also known as a “bunionette.” There are many causes for bunions. Tight shoes, especially shoes with a narrow toe box, (ex: cowboy boots and high heels) are the culprits of bunions in most patients. Genetics often play a significant role as well. Experts believe that certain foot types make a person more prone to developing bunions, and these foot types tend to run in families. One study found that 83 percent of people who have bunions have a family history of bunions. It is also said that people who have rheumatoid arthritis and neuromuscular conditions are more prone to bunions. If you feel you have a bunion or you are experiencing soreness, redness, stiffness, and/or swelling around the big toe joint, it is best to consult with your local podiatrist.

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<!–>If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Stephen S. Pirotta of Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinics. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • <!––><!––>Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • <!––><!––>Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • <!––>Redness and inflammation
  • <!––>Pain and tenderness
  • <!––>Callus or corns on the bump
  • <!––><!––>Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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What Is a Brannock Device?

Posted on August 12, 2019

Research has shown the importance of properly measuring your feet before shoes are purchased. This can be done by using a Brannock device which is found in the majority of shoe stores. It is helpful to measure your feet and try shoes on during the afternoon, when the feet are typically at their largest for the day. A properly fitting shoe should feel comfortable when tried on, and will have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. It can help to determine the correct shoe size by wearing socks that would be worn with the shoes, in addition to walking on carpeting and hard surfaces before you decide to purchase them. If your foot becomes irritated, the shoes may have tags on the inside of them which need to be removed. If you have any questions about how to buy shoes that fit properly, please consult with a podiatrist.

Finding a properly-fitting shoe is important in reducing injuries and preventing foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Stephen S. Pirotta from Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinics. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are some factors to consider when it comes to investing in proper fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improper fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, properly-fitting shoes are vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Possible Causes Of Cracked Heels

Posted on August 5, 2019

Cracked heels are a common foot condition, especially during the summer months. This can be a result of wearing shoes that have an open back, which typically provides inadequate support for the heel of the foot. The skin can become dry, and deep cracks that are known as fissures may form. Additional reasons why this condition may develop can include standing for extended periods of time throughout the day, excess weight the heels endure from being obese, and walking with a specific gait. Mild relief can be found when the feet are soaked in warm water, followed by using a good moisturizer frequently during the day. Research has indicated the importance of wearing shoes that fit properly, as this can be helpful in preventing cracked heels. If you are suffering from this ailment, it is suggested to consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the correct treatment.

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<!–><!––><!––>If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Stephen S. Pirotta from Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinics. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.

Ways to Help Heal Them

  • <!––><!––>Invest in a good foot cream
  • <!––><!––>Try Using Petroleum Jelly
  • <!––>Ease up on Soaps
  • <!––><!––>Drink Plenty of Water

Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels

  • <!––>Moisturize After Showering
  • <!––>Skip a Shower
  • <!––>Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
  • <!––><!––>Don’t Scrub Your Feet

If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Methods on Maintaining Proper Foot Care

Posted on July 29, 2019

When the feet are properly cared for on a daily basis, certain foot conditions may be prevented from occurring. Athlete’s foot may be avoided when the feet are washed and thoroughly dried daily, especially between the toes. When a good moisturizer is applied, it may help to prevent cracked heels from developing. The importance of trimming the toenails properly is necessary in possibly preventing the painful condition known as ingrown toenails. Additionally, the feet will feel more comfortable when the correct size shoe is worn, and this can be accomplished if shoes are tried on in the afternoon when the feet are their largest. If you would like additional information about how to maintain proper foot care, it is advised to seek the counsel of a podiatrist.

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Stephen S. Pirotta from Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinics. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Types of Orthotics

Posted on July 22, 2019

Orthotics are prescribed shoe inserts that can correct biomechanical foot issues. A podiatrist can evaluate your foot to see if a customized orthotic device is necessary, or if a standard shoe insert will suffice. Should you need orthotics, there are two different kinds. One type is rigid orthotics, otherwise known as functional orthotics. They are typically made from a material such as plastic, and are used in shoes with low heels in order to ease foot strain. The other type is soft orthotics, also known as accommodative orthotics. These provide a soft cushioning to help with issues such as plantar fasciitis or diabetic foot ulcers. These orthotics are bulky, so a special type of shoe may be required. Orthotics are typically more expensive than shoe inserts, but may last longer as they are made specifically for you. If you believe you may benefit from orthotics, or would like more information, you should consult with a podiatrist.

If you are having discomfort in your feet and would like to try orthotics, contact Dr. Stephen S. Pirotta from Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinics. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Are Orthotics?

Orthotics are inserts you can place into your shoes to help with a variety of foot problems such as flat feet or foot pain. Orthotics provide relief and comfort for minor foot and heel pain but can’t correct serious biomechanical problems in your feet.

Over-the-Counter Inserts

Orthotics come in a wide variety of over-the-counter inserts that are used to treat foot pain, heel pain, and minor problems. For example, arch supports can be inserted into your shoes to help correct overarched or flat feet, while gel insoles are often used because they provide comfort and relief from foot and heel pain by alleviating pressure.

Prescription Orthotics

If over-the-counter inserts don’t work for you or if you have a more severe foot concern, it is possible to have your podiatrist prescribe custom orthotics. These high-quality inserts are designed to treat problems such as abnormal motion, plantar fasciitis, and severe forms of heel pain. They can even be used to help patients suffering from diabetes by treating foot ulcers and painful calluses and are usually molded to your feet individually, which allows them to provide full support and comfort.

If you are experiencing minor to severe foot or heel pain, it’s recommended to speak with your podiatrist about the possibilities of using orthotics. A podiatrist can determine which type of orthotic is right for you and allow you to take the first steps towards being pain-free.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ankle Foot Orthotics for Athletes

Gout Pain Can Be Managed

Posted on July 16, 2019

Gout is a form of arthritis that can affect anyone. Schedule a visit to learn about how gout can be managed and treated.

Methods That May Help to Prevent Falling

Posted on July 15, 2019

Research has indicated that falling is a common occurrence among seniors in the United States. Many elderly people may avoid participating in certain activities as a result of a fear of falling. There are measures that can be implemented which may reduce the risk of falling. These can include removing any clutter from the main living areas in the home, improving lighting conditions, and removing any loose carpeting. Additionally, it is generally beneficial to install grab bars in the shower and toilet area, as this can be helpful in preventing falling. It is important to wear shoes that fit correctly to aid in preventing unnecessary tripping. Many elderly people can reduce the risk of falling when walkers are used and slowing down is beneficial while performing daily activities. If you would like additional information about how to prevent falling, it is suggested to speak with a podiatrist.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Dr. Stephen S. Pirotta from Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinics. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Sweaty Feet and Plantar Hyperhidrosis

Posted on July 8, 2019

The medical condition that is referred to as plantar hyperhidrosis is indicative of excessively sweaty feet. Patients who have this condition have difficulty in keeping their feet dry for the majority of the day. This is often the result of large amounts of sweat that is produced by the sweat glands, and this can be an uncomfortable issue for patients who suffer from this condition. There are methods that can be implemented which may help to prevent plantar hyperhidrosis from developing. Using a foot powder that has antifungal properties may help to alleviate some of the odor that is often associated with this ailment. It may also be beneficial to wear shoes that are made of a breathable material, which may include leather or canvas. Additionally, it is important to regulate the body temperature, and this can be accomplished by drinking plenty of water for the majority of the day. If you feel you have this condition, it is advised that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can guide you toward beginning proper treatment.

If you are suffering from hyperhidrosis contact Dr. Stephen S. Pirotta of Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinics. Our doctor can provide the care you need to attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Hyperhidrosis of the Feet

Hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder that can cause people to have excessive sweating of their feet. This can usually occur all on its own without rigorous activity involved. People who suffer from hyperhidrosis may also experience sweaty palms.

Although it is said that sweating is a healthy process meant to cool down the body temperature and to maintain a proper internal temperature, hyperhidrosis may prove to be a huge hindrance on a person’s everyday life.

Plantar hyperhidrosis is considered to be the main form of hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis can refer to sweating that occurs in areas other than the feet or hands and armpits. Often this may be a sign of it being related to another medical condition such as menopause, hyperthyroidism and even Parkinson’s disease.

In order to alleviate this condition, it is important to see your doctor so that they may prescribe the necessary medications so that you can begin to live a normal life again. If this is left untreated, it is said that it will persist throughout an individual’s life.

A last resort approach would be surgery, but it is best to speak with your doctor to find out what may be the best treatment for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Foot Surgery as a Successful Treatment Option

Posted on July 1, 2019

If chronic pain is present in the feet, surgery may be an option to consider. One type of surgery that is referred to as arthroscopic debridement may help patients in the beginning stages of arthritis. This procedure removes any inflamed tissue that has developed on the joints and surrounding areas. If you have a bunion and wearing shoes becomes painful, permanent removal of the bunion could be a successful treatment option. Many people experience heel pain. This may be indicative of plantar fasciitis, or heel spurs. These patients may find it beneficial to undergo heel surgery, which can be helpful in correcting the condition. Aftercare for most foot surgeries will typically consist of keeping the foot elevated, in addition to wearing a splint or bandage on the recovering foot. If you are considering any type of foot surgery, it is suggested to consult with a podiatrist who can properly guide you.

Foot surgery is sometimes necessary to treat a foot ailment. To learn more, contact Dr. Stephen S. Pirotta of Advanced Foot & Ankle Clinics. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

When Is Surgery Necessary?

Foot and ankle surgery is generally reserved for cases in which less invasive, conservative procedures have failed to alleviate the problem. Some of the cases in which surgery may be necessary include:

  • Removing foot deformities like bunions and bone spurs
  • Severe arthritis that has caused bone issues
  • Cosmetic reconstruction

What Types of Surgery Are There?

The type of surgery you receive will depend on the nature of the problem you have. Some of the possible surgeries include:

  • Bunionectomy for painful bunions
  • Surgical fusion for realignment of bones
  • Neuropathy decompression surgery to treat nerve damage

Benefits of Surgery

Although surgery is usually a last resort, it can provide more complete pain relief compared to non-surgical methods and may allow you to finally resume full activity.

Surgical techniques have also become increasingly sophisticated. Techniques like endoscopic surgery allow for smaller incisions and faster recovery times.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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