A bump that extends on the side of the big toe may indicate a bunion. It is considered to be a deformity, and a common cause can be from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Additionally, genetics can play a significant role in developing a bunion. Mild relief may be found when larger shoes are purchased, and it may help to wear a protective covering over the top of the bunion. In severe cases, orthotics can be prescribed, and therapy techniques may be suggested. If you notice a bony protrusion on the side of the big toe, it may be a bunion, and it is strongly suggested that you seek treatment from a podiatrist.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bentonville, AR. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.